Untitled Document Lappi Pohjois-Pohjanmaa Keski-Pohjanmaa Etelä-Pohjanmaa Pohjanmaa Satakunta Varsinais-Suomi

Selaa karttaa klikkaamalla.

National landscapes

A workgroup was established at the Ministry of Environment in 1992 in the honour of Finland’s 75 years of independence. The workgroup’s task was to choose the national landscapes of Finland. National landscapes are known landscape attractions in Finland, and they represent the special natural and cultural features of different regions.  Along the Bothnian Coast Road there are three attractions selected as national landscapes: The Kvarken Archipelago, Hailuoto and Torne Valley.

 

The Kvarken Archipelago

In summer 2005, the Kvarken Archipelago got listed on the UNESCO World Heritage list as the first Nature Heritage Site in Finland. The Kvarken Archipelago together with the High Coast in Sweden form a transboundary World Natural Heritage Site in which the flat Finnish moraine archipelago and the steep High Coast of Sweden together illustrate the land uplift phenomenon caused by the ice age which ended for 10,000 years ago and the effects of the phenomenon on nature and culture. The Kvarken Archipelago covers 326,300 hectares and includes 6,550 islands. Municipalities in the archipelago area include Korsnäs, Malax, Vaasa, Korsholm and Vörå-Maxmo. Of the islands on the area, Replot is the eight largest island in Finland. You can learn more about the Kvarken Archipelago World Natural Heritage in Kvarken Nature Centre Terranova located in Vaasa:

 

Kvarken Nature Centre Terranova: http://terranova.vaasa.fi/?id=1&lang=1

The Kvarken Archipelago on the National Board of Forestry web pages: www.kvarken.fi (in english)

 

Hailuoto

The entire Gulf of Bothnia is an emblem of the land uplift phenomenon. Partly on the basis of this phenomenon, the Kvarken area has been chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Flat moraine islands dominate the scenery. Also Hailuoto is flat, and it is the largest island in the Bay of Bothnia. The exhibition covers special features of the land uplift on the coast, the nature by the sea and the traditional maritime way of life. Research and data on the area collected by the Oulu University Research Centre of the Bothnic Bay were used in designing the exhibition.

 

Hailuodon luotokeskus:  http://www.luotokeskus.fi/ (in english)

 

Aavasaksa and Torne Valley

Torne Valley represents the oldest and most established cultural landscape in the Keminmaa area. The Torne Valley area covers the municipalities on both sides of Torne River, which forms the border between Finland and Sweden. In Finland the municipalities of Tornio, Ylitornio, Pello, Kolari, Muonio and Enontekiö are part of the Torne Valley area. The settlement in the Torne Valley is the oldest on the entire area.

 

Cultural unity has always been the predominant feature on both sides of the river, and this is also true today. There are still village centres with same names on both sides of the border. The national border was not drawn in the middle of the river until in the Treaty of Fredrikshamn in 1809.

 

As to its scenery, the river valley is flat, even though the riverside is lined by tree-covered hills especially in the northern part of the area. The Torne River is 520 km long and thus the longest river in Europe which runs free. Along the river there are several famous rapids which have traditions as fishing attractions. On the Kukkolakoski there are old timbered barns, and it was the largest village in the Torne Valley in the beginning of the 19th century. Other rapids in the Torne River include e.g. Matkakoski, Korpikoski, Vuennonkoski and Valkeakoski.

 

Sources

www.ymparisto.fi (in english)
www.rky.fi

 

Further information on the topic on the Ministry of Environment web pages:

http://www.ymparisto.fi/default.asp?contentid=326466&lan=fi&clan=fi#a0

 

Kuvatoimisto Fennevision:

http://www.fennevision.fi/aavasaksa-ja-tornionjokilaakso.html