Untitled Document Lappi Pohjois-Pohjanmaa Keski-Pohjanmaa Etelä-Pohjanmaa Pohjanmaa Satakunta Varsinais-Suomi

Selaa karttaa klikkaamalla.

History of the roads

History of the roads along the Bothnian coastline

The post road which ran on the Bothnian coast region has a many-sided history. Postal service peasants as well as tax collectors have travelled along the road. The army has needed the road for its troops. The route has been used for travel to attend church and to visit neighbouring villages. Even though the old route is no longer passable in all parts, its structure has been preserved surprisingly well. The coast road has been left somewhat aside from the straight and fast main roads. This has partly made it possible for the old road environment and the nationally valuable building complexes to be preserved to the present day.


Travelling by water is a natural and easy way to move from one place to another. Travel everywhere by waterways was not possible, and the thaw made using them more difficult. Transverse traffic over the waterways flowing to the sea was thus arranged with the help of bridges or ferries. Routes by land were first paths, winter ways and corpse roads. The roads between large centres and the most important villages became in the course of the time official main roads maintained by provinces.


The strengthening of the Swedish regime and the position of the Catholic Church as well as the organisation of castle administration also meant that measures were taken to improve administrative roads. In the country law by Magnus IV of Sweden at the end of the 14th century, provisions were stipulated on the breadth of roads and bridges. Road construction was connected to land ownership, which meant that church, court and mill roads were separated from village roads and penalties were imposed upon the negligence to maintain roads and bridges. According to the law, at least one road had to lead every village.



Sources and further information:

e.g. Viertola 1974, Salminen 1993 & 1997, Suvanto 1973, Nenonen 1999, Toivo 1997, Masonen 1999, Heino 1987 and Pohjanlahden Rantatie – ratsupolusta rannikon matkailutieksi (University of Turku, Degree Programme in Cultural Production and Landscape Studies)